1 existing in possibility; "a potential problem"; "possible uses of nuclear power" [syn: possible] [ant: actual]
2 expected to become or be; in prospect; "potential clients"; "expected income" [syn: expected, likely]
2 the difference in electrical charge between two points in a circuit expressed in volts [syn: electric potential, potential difference, potential drop, voltage]
- Currently unfulfilled capacity to improve, develop, and achieve
- Even from a young age it was clear that she had great musical potential.
- Anything that may be possible; a possibility; potentially.
- In the theory of gravitation, or of other forces acting in space, a function of the rectangular coordinates which determine the position of a point, such that its differential coefficients with respect to the coordinates are equal to the components of the force at the point considered; -- also called potential function, or force function. It is called also Newtonian potential when the force is directed to a fixed center and is inversely as the square of the distance from the center.
- The energy of an electrical charge measured by its power to do work; hence, the degree of electrification as referred to some standard, as that of the earth; electro-motive force.
- A verbal construction or form stating something is possible or probable.
- German: Potential
energy of an electrical charge
- The mathematical study of potentials is known as potential theory; it is the study of harmonic functions on manifolds. This mathematical formulation arises from the fact that, in physics, the scalar potential is irrotational, and thus has a vanishing Laplacian — the very definition of a harmonic function.
- In physics, a
potential may refer to the scalar
potential or to the vector
potential. In either case, it is a field
defined in space, from which many important physical properties may
- Leading examples are the gravitational potential and the electric potential, from which the motion of gravitating or electrically charged bodies may be obtained.
- Many entities in physics may be described as vector fields, but it is often easier to work with the corresponding potentials as proxies for the fields themselves. For instance, some force fields exert forces on a body equal to the product of the field and some invariant scalar property of the body, such as the mass or charge. As a body moves through such a force field, it rises and falls in the field's potential, gaining and losing energy through mechanical work. This exchange of energy allows the interaction to be analyzed in terms of simple laws of conservation of energy, without resorting to kinematics, which can be computationally difficult.
- In electrochemistry there are Galvani potential and Volta potential.
- The gravitational field is a notable example of such a field. The electric field also behaves this way in many cases, though in the general case it does not (see Electric potential and Faraday's Law).
- Specific forces have associated potentials, including the Coulomb potential, the van der Waals potential, the Lennard-Jones potential and the Yukawa potential.
potential in Spanish: Potencial
potential in German: Potential
potential in French: Potentiel
potential in Italian: Potenziale
potential in Dutch: Potentiaal
potential in Japanese: ポテンシャル
potential in Polish: Potencjał
potential in Russian: Потенциал
potential in Slovenian: Potencial
potential in Swedish: Potential
potential in Lithuanian: Potencialas
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